The renewed position of the United States on the recognition of the sovereignty of Morocco over the Sahara “could not be affected by the change of presidents or parties within the American administration”, underlined the political scientist and head of the Atlas Center. analysis of political and institutional indicators, Mohamed Bouden.
Bouden, who was the guest of Radio d’Information Marocaine (RIM RADIO), highlighted the profound implications of the American position which revolves around four basic elements, the first of which concerns the adoption by the US administration of the complete map of Morocco, including its Sahara, in all US documents and institutions, registration of the presidential decree in the US Office of the Federal Register, which is a source for all official documents, information to the member states of the Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly of the American decision and its dissemination to the various components of the international community, United Nations offices around the world and US diplomatic missions established abroad.
The political scientist also cited the organization by Morocco and the United States of a ministerial meeting in the presence of representatives of more than forty countries, on support for the relevance of the autonomy initiative of the southern provinces. , which remains the only practical and lasting solution to the artificial regional dispute around the Moroccan Sahara issue.
Regarding the second element, the political scientist underlined that the renewed position of the United States on the sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara is “a state decision and not a decision of one person, as some claim”.
Addressing the third element, Bouden explained that the American decision is not “a decision of circumstance”, as some parties thought, but rather represents an “institutional vision based on a set of political, historical, security and diplomatic convictions and decisive factors in Moroccan-American relations ”, adding that the fourth element is based on a vision for the future and on the regional role of Morocco, as a power in the region. “Any American position must be careful not to harm the essence of Moroccan-American relations,” he said. For the political scientist, Washington’s position “shatters the illusions of certain parties who bet on changing the American decision and puts an end to their allegations”.
He highlighted the constants which govern Moroccan-American relations, specifying that the recognition of the sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara represents an essential stake in these relations.
Despite the maneuvers of Algerian diplomacy and its attempt to undermine the sovereignty of a neighboring country, the statement by the State Department spokesman affirming that the US position on recognizing Morocco’s sovereignty over its Sahara remains “unchanged” has dealt a painful blow to the objectives, ambitions and aspirations of the enemies of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom, at the institutional, diplomatic or media level.
The political scientist, on the other hand, observed that there is a new aspect of Moroccan diplomacy, an aspect enlightened by the High Orientations of King Mohammed VI who traced the contours of the Kingdom’s diplomacy, based on “The clarity-ambition duality”.
He noted that Moroccan diplomacy advocates the policy of realism, the mobilization and elucidation of the Moroccan position, making it clear that there are today international actors aware of the importance and relevance of the initiative of autonomy, as well as contacts that the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad, Nasser Bourita, undertakes permanently, whether by videoconference or directly in international forums.
In addition, the analyst emphasized the recognition of the leading role that Morocco plays in various global issues, in particular immigration and the fight against terrorism or organized crime, noting in this sense that the Kingdom today houses international and regional structures in the service of peace and conflict resolution.
Moroccan diplomacy has become a strike force in its regional environment by offering opportunities for peace and helping to create a climate of stability and development in North Africa and the Middle East, he added, noting within this framework that the achieved results reflect the work of coordination of this diplomacy but also a practical style, a determination and an unfailing commitment, particularly with regard to the vital interests and the sovereignty of the Kingdom.
On another note, the political scientist noted that the “African Lion 2021” exercise constitutes an important indicator of the evolution of the strategic environment and an example illustrating the strength of military cooperation between Rabat and Washington and reflecting a partnership in long term to strengthen peace and security in the region.
Addressing the economic aspect, Bouden stressed that American investments in the Moroccan Sahara, in particular in the city of Dakhla, will make the region a strategic center of the Morocco-USA partnership towards the African continent.
He indicated in this perspective that the American authorities are aware that the Moroccan Sahara is full of life, whether at the level of air or maritime navigation, noting that the opening of foreign consultants in the Moroccan Sahara, in the cities of Laâyoune or Dakhla, and the projects programmed under the new development model of the southern provinces by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) reflect the security and stability of the southern provinces.
The American delegation that visited the Moroccan Sahara closely observed the great development experienced by the southern provinces of the Kingdom, whether in terms of security, stability and development or in terms of human rights, he continued.
These developments open up new perspectives for Moroccan-American relations which will create economic and employment opportunities in the Moroccan Sahara with a view to making this region not only a diplomatic capital but also a pole of attraction in West Africa and of the North, concluded the political scientist.